The Toro Historical Review

Where History is Considered, Questioned, and Made

Volume 5, Fall 2018

Welcome to Volume 5 of the Toro Historical Review! This volume features student contributions from our History 490 and 400 seminars as well as several upper division lecture courses and film reviews from Spring 2018.

History 490 provides students with the opportunity to collectively examine a topic in depth, and independently undertake an original research project utilizing historical skills gained throughout their undergraduate career. Taught by Dr. Murillo, the theme this semester was Modern African History. The papers published here demonstrate the range of skills that students studying Africa’s past must practice. Included in these papers are oral history, translation work, and hands-on archival research. Topics include the history of gender, geopolitics, and immigration/migration from an African Studies perspective.
History 400 provides advanced disciplinary training designed to prepare students to undertake independent historical research. A historiographical essay based on a historical theme or event chosen by the student is the culminating assignment for the course. A strong paper will showcase the skills of collecting and analyzing a large body of scholarship, as well as synthesizing the arguments and contributions of individual historians and/or schools of thought. Volume 5 showcases the work of Dr. Namala’s Spring 2018 students who worked on historiographies of colonial Mexican ethnohistory, in particular native-language driven research of colonial Mexican indigenous communities, as well as Dr. Murillo’s Fall 2017 seminar which focused on historiographies of decolonization in Africa.

In Dr. Johnson’s History 335 course, War and Depression, students use oral histories from the California Odyssey Project at California State University, Bakersfield, to draw conclusions about Okie migration of the Dust Bowl era. While oral histories provide first-hand accounts of events, the important details are often hidden among minutia, and students who do well exhibit tenacity as they sort through pages of transcripts. As part of Dr. Monty’s 20th-century Europe course, History 315, Sharon MacNett examined The Futurist Manifesto and a range of additional primary sources to assess the relationship between Futurism as an artistic movement and Italian fascism. MacNett’s analysis supports the findings of recent scholars who argue that the Futurists – and especially the movement’s founder, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti – embraced the essential tenets of fascist ideology and never wavered in their support for Mussolini’s regime. Finally, in History 376, Film as History, as taught by Andrea Johnson, students examine the role of film in 20th Century American life. Students analyze films from the era, considering context and portrayals of race, class, and gender in the film. In addition, students examine the history of the production of the film and its reception by the American public at the time it was released.


History 490 Senior Seminar

pic ghana newspaper
“Chop Bars To Be Modernised,” Daily Graphic, (Ghana) Aug. 10, 1977.

Yaa Asantewaa Redux: The Re-articulation of Womanhood in Post-Colonial Ghana

By Alvin Okoreeh



Hattig, Paul. “Sankara’s Heirs.” Digital image. Pike and Hurricane: A Foreign Affairs Magazine, 20th edition, October 31, 2015. Accessed September 28, 2018.

Understanding Geopolitics from a Historical Perspective: The Burkina Faso Revolution, 1983-1987

By Vincent Gutierrez


Sarah Nguyen alt photo
Malonga, Samuel. “Encore un beneficiaire du statut unique,” Congolese Presence, October 4, 1958.

Women Rising from the Depths of Congolese History- The Mobilization and Politicization of the Women of the Congo

By Sarah Nguyen


History 400 Historiography Seminar

Daniel Contreras image
“Category: Florentine Codex” Digital Image. Wikipedia Commons. May 26. 2007.

When Parallels Cross: Finding the Colonial Woman’s Story

By Daniel Contreras


the sun of freedom over angola - a_kinsbursky - 1976 (2)
Kinsbursky, A. “The Sun of Freedom over Angola.” 1976.

Cold War Geopolitics and Angola’s Fight for Freedom and Peace: Historian’s Perspectives on the Cold War’s Lasting Effects on Angola

By Harry Hallett



Cryonic07. Southern Sudan – 1800. July 14, 2011. Wikimedia Commons.

The One City-State

By Keak Lam


Marshall 400 page 11
Probable forgery of imperial-style coat of arms supposedly given to Nijaib Quiche; taken from Robert Haskett’s “Paper Shields: The Ideology of Coats of Arms in Colonial Mexican Primordial Titles”(1996).

The Promised Land: A Historiography of Land Practices in Colonial Mexico

By Taylor Marshall


Upper Division History Courses

Boccioni, Umberto. Elasticity (Elasticita), 1912. Accessed 20 August 2018.

The Fascist-Futurist Challenge to Liberal Modernity

By Sharon MacNett



Thao Nguyen Vol. 5 Image
Shanh, Ben. 1938. Black and white photographic print. The Library of Congress. From: “1931-1938: Life in Hoovervilles,” Accessed August 14, 2018.

The Dust Bowl Migration: Fear, Discrimination, Exclusion

By Thao Nguyen


Film Reviews

Dr. Strangelove or: A Satirical Commentary on the Cold War

By Drew Burge


“Falling Down and the Failure of Herrenvolk Republicanism”

By Chris Edwards


Rambo: Bringing the War Home

By Scott Perez















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